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## LRFD |

SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS ACCORIDING TO:

AASHTO – LRFD BRIDGE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS – 9TH EDITION – 2020

The LRFD approach consists in checking the following equation:

Where Q and R can represent forces, as well as stresses, deformations, displacements, etc. In this equation, Q represents an amplified value of actions, while R is a reduced value of resistances. The fundamental concept of LRFD design is expressed by the following relationship:

In which

Q : factored load

Qi : force effect

ηi : load modifier

γi : load factor

Rr : factored resistance

Rn : nominal resistance (i.e., ultimate capacity)

φ : resistance factor

According to the Specifications, it is necessary to perform the slope stability analysis using the Strength I approach. However, also the other two verifications (Service I e Extreme Event I) have to be performed.

However, referring to the Strength I approach, it is prescribed to employ a unitary load factor γi for all the loads included in this combination. Therefore, the verification can be rewritten as follows:

For the resistance factor, it is necessary to refer to the following table.